Pomegranate is one of the major commercial fruit crops grown in India. India is the biggest producer of pomegranates all over the world. The total area under cultivation in India is 107.00 thousand ha and the production of 743.00 thousand tons of pomegranates. Pomegranates are cultivated in various parts of India like Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Karnataka, etc. The top varieties of pomegranates planted in India are Bhagwa, Ganesh, Ruby, and Arakta.
The good pomegranate growth depends on the quality of soil, climate, water levels, season, etc.
The ideal soil for pomegranate cultivation includes alluvial soils and the sandy ones. In India, pomegranate is grown in tropical and subtropical regions. Pomegranates farming requires less water and it is also known as drought-tolerant crop. Pomegranates crops continue to offer a good yield for many years once they are grown in an area.
In India, pomegranate is grown in tropical and subtropical regions where the climate is hot and dry. Pomegranate growth is injured in frost and at low temperatures. The ideal temperatures for fruit development are 38 degrees Celsius.
Pomegranates’ growth requires weekly irrigation in summer till the tome of monsoon. The irrigation in winters is recommended at fortnightly intervals. The most preferred method of irrigation is drip irrigation which helps in saving a lot of water.
In the tropical regions, pomegranate cultivation is done from July till August. In subtropical regions, the pomegranates are planted from February till March.
The pomegranates are available throughout the year in Maharashtra and Gujarat because of the adoption of bahar treatments. In Karnataka, the peak harvest season is from February till March. In Andhra Pradesh, the peak period is from mid-April till May.
The pomegranates harvest is transported to the big cities from the various parts of India. The pomegranates are collected in these big markets for marketing purposes. Finally, the pomegranates are exported to foreign markets from the ports of Mumbai, Kutch, and Kolkata. The pomegranates are exported to UAE, Bangladesh, Oman, Thailand, and various other parts of the world.
It is projected that pomegranate production in India will continue to rise in the coming years. As per the predictions of the Indian council of Agricultural research, the production of pomegranates may rise to 15 million tonnes by 2030 and 22.5 million tonnes by 2040. The cost-benefit ratio will rise to 1: 10 from the current 1:5. There will also be a reduced risk of coronary diseases with a rise in the intake of pomegranates in the future.
“Pomegranate is the fruit of Paradise, growing on earth”